I have found crate training to be the most effective form of housebreaking a puppy. This method usually takes 6 to 9 months for a puppy to be completely housebroken. At times you may feel sorry for your little baby because he or she is spending so much time confined in the small crate. You just have to remember that there is a reason and you must carry through with it.
When you first bring your puppy home, introduce him to the crate. Put a toy in there to make it more enticing for him. Feed him meals in the crate. Take puppy out of the crate and outside to potty once every hour (except during the night). Make sure you always take him to the same place in your yard. This place will have his scent and he will know it is his territory to potty in. This makes it easier for the puppy to know why he has been taken out.
For a few days he may not understand the reason for going outside. Don’t give up, he will catch on sooner than you think. When he does potty outside be sure to give him praise. Although I know it is going to be very exciting to you the first few times, don’t get so excited that you scare him. Just a “good boy” or “good job” will be plenty to him. A little hug and bellyrub would make a great reward for the little guy. He will soon learn that it makes you happy when he pottys outside and that is a good thing.
Give him plenty of time to find the perfect place to relieve himself. Some puppys aren’t picky while others aren’t and need just the right place before he is comfortable enough to relieve himself. They always seem to pee in one place and defecate in a different place. Give him plenty of time to do both, especially if he has eaten since going outside last time.
If puppy pottys when you take him out let him run around and play inside for 10 to 15 minutes before placing him back into the crate. Be sure to keep a close watch on him while he is playing. If he starts sniffing around or acts like he is looking for a place to potty take him back outside to find a place. If he has already started pottying tell him “no no, bad” in your mad voice and place him back in his crate. He will know from the tone of voice that he did something wrong.
Don’t ever spank or hit him with something because you will make him afraid of you. If you are trying to housebreak him you need him to trust you, not to fear you.
Before you know it, your new puppy will be having fewer and fewer accidents and in a few months he will be completely housebroken.